Herpes Simplex 1

Herpes simplex -1 is the main trigger for oral herpes in humans. It is one of the most contagious viruses. The main mode of its transition is oral sexual relationship. It causes painful sores on your gums, lips, tongue, throat, roof of the mouth, inner walls of the cheeks. In addition, it can cause extreme muscle aches and headaches. Sometimes the infected person finds difficulties in swallowing food due to throat aches. This virus most commonly infects children between the age gap of 1-2 years. In some cases a mother gives birth to an infected child if she bears the virus at the time of pregnancy. However, adults become susceptible to this virus through physical contacts as well. Even a slight contact to the open blisters or sores can lead to the transmission of this virus from the infected person to the normal person.

Where does it attack?

The predominant area attacked by herpes 1 simplex is mouth. The infestation of this herpes type 1 virus leads to mouth and gums infection called gingivostomatitis. Lesions may be observed anywhere in the oral region like the roof of the mouth, floor of the mouth, inside of the cheek. The oral herpes gradually develops and starts showing on your body. It becomes painful and irritating within a few days. It leads to unusual fever, headaches and swelling of lymph nodes in the genital glands. In adolescents, the HSV-1 virus may get accumulated as tonsils.

Apart from oral organs, herpes 1 virus damages the skin with eczema. It further spreads across the whole body. The proliferation of eczema continues to grow until intervened with proper medical attention. Children who are habitual to thumb sucking develop signs of herpes on their thumb. The primary outbreak of this virus also leads to other skin disorders. Some of them are erythema multiforme and Stevens-Johnson syndrome.  In rare cases, herpes simplex type-1 also affects the eyes. This infection may manifest in form of conjunctivitis on one or both the eyes. It may also cause infection on the eye lid. In this infection, the person may witness the development of blisters on the eye lids. As a result their eye lids may appear swollen.


One of the most common symptoms of oral herpes is the formation of cold sores. Most of the infected people experience slight tingling, itching and redness before the eruption of any sore or blisters. The cold sore may occur on the upper lips, tongue, mouth roof and floor, throat. Apart from these oral areas, cold sores can also erupt in genital as well as exposed areas like thighs, buttocks etc. The precise molecular mechanism for the activation of HSV-1 virus is unknown. But, studies have revealed that stress, menstruation, exposure to UV rays, local skin disorders are some of the most evoking factors that lead to the outbreak of cold sores. The virus molecules in the cold sores are highly contagious. However, the crust of the cold sore on the skin eliminates after a few days.

  • Articles